Pajamas or pyjamas, usually shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can consult with various similar kinds of clothes originating through the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging, also by each sexes. A lot more commonly, pajamas may well seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and material.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]
The around the world utilization of pajamas (the word as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and 19th centuries, and the British impact on the broader Western earth over the Victorian period. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging attire" as early given that the seventeenth century, then often called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first 50 % of your nineteenth century. They didn't become a fashion in Britain and the Western environment as sleeping apparel for men until the Victorian period, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Terms and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of usage at some time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is used by various folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh men, and many by Mohammedans of the two sexes. It was adopted within the Mohammedans by Europeans being an article of dishabille and of night time apparel, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the pattern just like a great many Some others through the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word is currently used in London stores. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on forty several years ago, in reply to an issue why pyjammas had ft sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it really is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Classic pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers mix fabricated from soft material, such as flannel or light-weight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor usually incorporates a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Lots of people prefer to sleep or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either by using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For this reason, pajama pants for guys and boys tend to be marketed as separates.
In colloquial speech, these traditional pajamas are sometimes termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as night fits.
Some pajamas feature a drop seat (often called a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-1st century They are really instead exceptional.
Modern pajamas are derived from classic pajamas. There are plenty of variations in design for instance short sleeve pajamas, pajama muske pidzame bottoms of various size,[sixteen] or, on occasion, 1-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating a variety of products. Chiefly within the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Ordinarily worn by kids, these garments usually have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one particular-piece), and may be footed.
Whilst pajamas are usually distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments like nightgowns, inside the US, they've got often involved the latter for a major. Babydoll pyjamas Have got a style of short dress top over shorts or short pants.[eighteen]
Pajamas may perhaps today refer to Ladies's combination daywear, especially in the US where they turned preferred in the early twentieth century, consisting of short-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.